Monday, 1 March 2010

Incidence of Renal Stone: An Investigation among the Aimol Tribe of Manipur by Khangembam Somibabu Meitei and M.P. Sachdeva

The present study is based on the demographic data collected from December 2007 to February 2008
among the Aimol tribe of Chandel district, Manipur. A questionnaire schedule was administered among 163-households of nine villages covering 496 adult individuals of either sex ranging in age from 18-90 years. A total of 34 adult individuals (6.86%) were found to have kidney stones and Chi–square (χ2 = 0.48; 0.50 < p < 0.30), comparison showed non significant sexual differences. The majority of the renal stone cases were found among the age range of 33-37 years and none was reported before 22 years of age and among individuals above the age of 58. Water hardness of both the water streams in the area due to CaCO3 content in mg/l was found to be 74 mg/l and 92 mg/l, respectively, which indicates that the water resources that they are using is moderately hard. A high meat intake indicating a high animal protein consumption, which is associated with increased risk of renal stone formation, and less fluid intake may be the main cause of renal stone formation among Aimol.

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